Peru is a country in western South America. The country is bordered in the north by Ecuador and Columbia, in the east by Brazil, in the southeast by Bolivia, in the south by Chile, and in the south and west by the Pacific Ocean. Peru is a mega-diverse country with habitats ranging from the arid plains of the Pacific coastal region in the west to the peaks of the Andes Mountains extending from the north to the southeast of the country to the tropical Amazon Basin rainforest in the east with the Amazon River. Peru has a population of 33 million, Peru is the 19th largest country in the world, and it is the 3rd largest country in South America. The official language of Peru is Spanish.
The total area of Peru is 1,285,216 km square (496,225 square meters), the percentage of area covered with water is 0.41 in Peru. Peruvian territory was home to several ancient cultures. Ranging from the Norte Chico civilization starting in 3500 BCE, it is the oldest civilization in the America and one of the five cradles of civilization, to the Inca Empire, the largest state in the pre-Columbian Americas, the territory now including Peru has one of the longest histories of civilization of any country, tracing its heritage back to the 10th millennia BCE. Peru has a population that includes Amerindians, Europeans, Africans, and Asians.
The official language of the country is Spanish, although a significant number of Peruvians speak Quechua languages, Aymara, or other Indigenous languages. The country has people from diverse cultures and traditions that make Peru a wide diverse country of different expressions in fields such as art, cuisine, literature, and music. Peru is a beautiful country in South America that’s home to a section of Amazon rainforest and Machu Picchu, an ancient Incan city high in the Andes mountains, the region around Machu Picchu, includes the Sacred Valley, Inca Trail, and colonial city of Cusco, the country is rich in archaeological sites, apart from this there are several things to do in Peru like there is Peru’s arid Pacific Coast Lima which is the capital, with a preserved colonial center and important collections of pre-Columbian art. Peru is famous for its beautiful beaches, and it is no secret that Peru is a destination for surfers which you don’t want to miss.
There are many and very popular surfing spots like one of the top surfing spots is on the beaches of Herradura, Costa Verde, and Punta Rocas these famous beaches are located in Peru’s capital. Peru has 90 different microclimates that include 30 of the 32 world climates, which makes Peru one of the most diverse countries in the world in microclimates. The three main regions of Peru that are the coast, mountains, and jungle also contain the three main climates. Peru does have snow and glaciers at the tops of the high Andes and a long history of skiing centered on the town of Huaraz, north of capital Lima and close to Huascaran, it is the country’s highest peak at 6768m (22,056 feet). Peru is one of the least expensive countries to live in South America so planning a trip or vacation with your family and friends or even a solo trip will remain in your budget.
What to eat in Peru?
Peru is a diverse country so you can try different-different cuisines in the country. There are various popular restaurants in the country that serve delicious cuisines. Amaz, Lima is famous for its Amazon food. Huaca Pullana, Lima is among the most popular restaurant in the country so don’t forget to add this to your things to do in Peru list. La Lucha Sangucheria, Lima, and Arequipa have the best sandwich in the country and if you are vegetarian then this restaurant is perfect for you. If you are looking for restaurants that serve delicious, traditional Andean dishes then Pachapapa, Cusco is the perfect place for you in Peru. Punto Azul, Lima is the best restaurant for you if you want to eat ceviche and seafood in the country, apart from this there are many other restaurants that serve the best and delicious food in the country.
Things to do in Peru
Machu Picchu is perched high upon a ridge, 300 meters above the Urubamba River, the majestic Inca City of Machu Picchu is one of the most dramatic settings of a ruined city anywhere in the world. This is one of the most beautiful places in Peru with the spectacular backdrop of steep, lush, and often cloud-shrouded mountains. You can visit Machu Picchu by hiking the Inca Trail or by train, If you don’t want to miss this beautiful scenery view then don’t forget to add Machu Picchu to your things-to-do list in Peru.
Cusco’s Architectural Treasures
Walking through the streets of Cusco is like wandering through a great museum, with history built upon history in this UNESCO World Heritage Site, Inca ruins have been used in the foundations of many of the lovely colonial buildings lining the narrow roads, showcasing the city’s long history. The main square, Plaza de Armas, in the city center is home to the Cathedral and La Compania, these two structures are equally impressive. A square is also a great place for just roaming the streets with your friends and family or explore more about the place so don’t forget to add Cusco’s Architectural Treasures to your things to do in Peru list. The city has countless museums and churches that are worth visiting while you are on trip or vacation with your family and friends.
Lake Titicaca has beautiful sparkling blue water, the lake is surrounded by rolling hills and traditional small villages. The lake area is a mixture of beautiful scenery and culture that sets it apart from the other regions of the country. If you don’t want to miss this beautiful view then you have to add Lake Titicaca to your things to do in Peru list. Lake Titicaca is worth visiting, the lake is known for being the highest navigable lake in the world if you see the lake above the sea sitting at 3,820 meters. The best way to visit the islands and surroundings of villages is through a boat tour.
The Sacred Valley
The Sacred Valley is less than an hour’s drive from the north of Cusco, it is a beautiful valley. The fertile valley has many Inca ruins that are worth exploring but is also a peaceful area to spend some peaceful time with your friends and family. The main highlights in the valley are the Pisac Ruins, the Sunday Market in Pisac, and the ruins and fortress at the beautiful little town of Ollantaytambo. The Sacred Valley has the most beautiful and scenic view in Peru. Many people say that if you didn’t visit the Sacred Valley if you are in Peru then your trip to Peru is considered to be incomplete so don’t forget to add this beautiful Sacred Valley to your things to do in Peru list.
Peru is a beautiful country with beautiful beaches, mountains. There are various numbers of museums and art galleries that you can explore in the country. Peru is a diverse country so you can try different-different cuisines in the country. You can explore the country and know about their numerous culture and tradition. The country is worth visiting with your family and friends. You book your tour for Peru through travel agencies to get more discounts on your hotel booking and tour guide. Therefore there is no need to think twice before planning your trip to Peru because the country is worth exploring.